Today more and more couples are opting for the IVF treatment to have a child of their own when traditional methods stop working. The first thing you need to know about IVF is that you are not the only couple seeking this treatment method. The very first baby born via IVF was in the year 1978 and following that millions of couples have benefitted from the treatment.
What is IVF?
For the uninitiated, IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a form of assisted reproduction, where eggs are extracted from a woman, fertilized with the sperm in lab conditions, and the resultant embryos are then placed in the uterus for continuing the pregnancy.
Who is eligible for IVF treatment?
IVF can be an optimum solution for you if:
- You have tried all that is practically possible to conceive a child but haven’t successfully conceived with unknown issues.
- Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes.
- No success with fertility drugs or IUI.
- Problems with sperms in a partner like low sperm count or hindered motility.
- Failure with egg formation.
How does IVF work? Complete IVF Process
The initial stage of the examination consists of general health assessment along with testing of the uterine lining, age confirmation as well as other factors that could play a major role in increasing your chances for conceiving.
Doctors use fertility drugs to ensure the stimulation of ovaries which leads to the development of mature eggs necessary for fertilization.
In general, one egg is released per cycle, but with hormones and drugs administered to the would-be mother, there is a higher chance of a larger number of eggs being released.
Sperm collection & Egg Retrieval:
After an ultrasound, the doctors successfully determine whether your egg is ready for fertilization. The eggs are then removed with a procedure that uses a hollow needle which isn’t painful but can cause mild discomfort.
After successful egg extraction, your male partner needs to provide a semen sample that is fused together with the egg and kept in the incubator for at least 2-5 days.
The fully formed embryo after fertilization is then transferred into the mother’s uterus for further growth.
At a single go, at least 2-3 embryos are transferred to ensure there is an improved chance of the embryo developing into a fetus and subsequently a baby. A blood test after 14 days of transfer confirms the pregnancy.
More than one cycle of IVF?
However, IVF cannot guarantee a 100 percent pregnancy rate. Not all women get pregnant in their first IVF cycle, so you need to be patient. Younger women have a better chance of conceiving.
IVF also takes a toll on the relationship, but often, this is the best choice that couples have. If possible, stick it out.
Counselling always helps because you get to understand what may work for your case, and in case something goes wrong, you are ready for it mentally.
So consult your doctor today to know more.